Chop/

Wind chop

Moderate locals winds form little waves known as chop, which can kill a good surf sesson.

Closeout

A wave that breaks along the entire length at the same time, making it unsurfable.  Can be caused by either a strong offshore wind or sea floor topography.

Crumble/crumbly waves

Waves affected by an offshore wind are said to “crumble.”  The lip of the wave crumbles along the line and, as a result, spoils the wave for surfers.

Fetch

The area of the sea surface where the wind generates the waves/swell.  Fetch is one of the key areas in the quality of a wave and the size of the waves.

Glassy

Waves that have incredibly smooth faces due to the lack of local wind or a slight offshore wind.

Left wave

A “left” wave is a wave that breaks from left to right as you are looking at it from the beach.

Lip

The upper most part of the breaking wave where a surfer will do maneuvers.

Offshore waves

The wind blows from the shore.  A ground swell mixed with offshore winds makes good surf.

Onshore waves

The wind blows towards the beach from the ocean and as a result, the waves lose their shape.

Trough

The lowest part between two successive waves.

Whitewater

The foamy part of a wave that has broken.

SURFING TERMINOLOGY

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Acid splash

Typically a random mix of opaque pigments in the laminate coat that are spread across the board by using a squeegee.

Acetone

Chemical solvent used to clean off polyester resin, as well as dirt or wax, on a cured board.

Advanced composite surfboard

See hollow composite sandwich, cored composite sandwich, thermo plastic skinned.

Airbrush

1. Air-compressed tool used to spray acrylic paint designs on foam or the sanded hot coat of a surfboard.      2. Use an airbrush.

Air compressor

A generator that pumps compressed air into an airbrush or air hose.

Alaia

In ancient Hawaii, a thin, wide surfboard for quick-breaking surf commonly made from koa or breadfruit; sometimes called omo.

Aloha

(Hawaiian)

Hello, good bye; love, compassion.

Amu

(Hawaiian)

A part of a canoe that connects the hull to the outrigger.

ASP

(Association of

Surfing Professionals)

The world governing body for professional surfing.

Banjo board

Surfboard designed by legendary shaper/designer Dale Velzy.

Barn

A California term for “Barney.”

Barney

Someone who doesn't surf very well.  The term was derived from the Hanna-Barbera cartoon character Barney Rubble on The Flintstones.  Usage: "Get out of my way, ya Barney."

Barnyard

A derivation of Barney – an unskilled or uncool surfer.

Big time

An intensifier roughly meaning anything in high proportions, as in “to eat it or wipe out big time.”

Belly board

Short surfboard (three to five feet) used for prone surfing, most often by children or beginners.  Popular in the 1950s and 1960s.

Blank

The unshaped core material used to make a surfboard, usually of foam or wood.

Bender

Also called stepdeck.  A longboard designed to flex or bend during a ride, altering the rocker of the board, to make the board fit the contours of the wave better in certain situations.  Usually this design is used to enhance noseriding.  For more info see the book Surfboards by Guy Motil.  (Also what surfers may go on when the surf has been flat for a exceptionally long time.)

Betty

An attractive female.  Derived from Betty Rubble, a character on The Flintstones.  It has also been suggested that the term is named for the character Betty in Archie comics.

Blow-through

An air bubble that goes all the way through the glass job that was caused by gas in the blank or the wood stringer; also called pinhole.

Bu, the Bu

Abbreviation for Malibu.

Bucket

One-gallon container a glasser uses to hold working resin.

Buffing pad

A soft backing behind the cotton mitt on a grinder that is used to polish a board along with rubbing compound.

Burn-through

When a hot coat or gloss coat is sanded away and exposes the fiberglass cloth, causing a weak point in the board; also sand though.

Chip, Malibu chip

The name given to the first all balsa wood boards constructed in the late 1940s and 1950s.  Much smaller than giant planks, they were referred to as potato chips; later they became known as Malibu boards or Malibu Chips.

Choice

Great, as in “choice waves.”

(BZ, INT, Doyle, Morey, etc.) – Construction method using a high-density, resilient foam core with a semisoft sheet foam exterior and some type of hard-skinned bottom.

Closed cell polyethylene surfboard

Cored composite

sandwich surfboard

(Tufilite/Surftech, Boardworks, Placebo, Firewire, etc.) – Construction method using a low-density foam core covered by a sandwich of laminates and high-performance sheet foam filler.

Crystallization

Caused when moisture from acrylic paint released during the catalyzation process get trapped in the resin and forms crystal-like bubbles.

Deck traction

1. Generally referring to self-adhesive rubber pads applied to the deck of a surfboard to give a surfer better grip with his feet (e.g., Astrodeck).  2. May also refer to spray-on traction coatings.

Cut lap

The visible cut line along the cloth on the rail.

Delamination

When the layer of resin and fiberglass separates from its bond with the shaped blank.

Cowabunga

(usually spelled with an exclamation mark) Usually an exclamation meaning awesome, great, Wow!  1. In the 1950s, Buffalo Bob used to open each episode of the Howdy Doody Show with this greeting to boys and girls all across the nation.  It caught on with the surfers of the 1960s (who grew up with the show) and became a part of our culture.  2. Cowabunga! The Surf Box. The quintessential compilation of surf music, released by Rhino records in 1963 (and still the best ever – the included booklet alone is worth the price; trust me on this).  If you appreciate surf or rock history, you should find a copy of this music classic for your collection.

Da Cat

1. Nickname for legendary surfer Miki “Da Cat” Dora.  2. Surfboard model created by Miki Dora and Greg Noll in the 1960s (and a later limited edition in the 1990s).  Both boards are highly sought-after collectibles.  Dale Velzy.  Legendary surfer/surfboard designer/shaper generally credited with developing the commercial tools and strategies that allowed the then fledgling surf community of the 1940s and 1950s to begin building the global surf industry we see today.

Derel

A term used in a derogatory or joking sense to describe someone who is lacking in intelligence; short for the word derelict.  Usage: “What a derel.”

Dial

To plug in – like a telephone.  Usage: “Let’s dial in on some waves.”

Dialed

To be connected or hooked up.  Usage: “Ah, dude, your room is fully king; you're so dialed.”

Disc sander

A disc-shaped power tool used for sanding surfboards; also known as a power sander or grinder.

Drainage

A term glassers use when the laminate resin kicked too slowly and drained off the board, somewhat exposing the texture of the fiberglass weave.

Dude

A surfing enthusiast, usually of the male gender.  Females are sometimes known as dudettes.  The word was popularized by the 1982 movie Fast Times at Ridgemont High by the character Jeff Spicoli (played by Sean Penn).

Epoxy

A resin that is compatible with polystyrene foam.

EPS/

epoxy surfboard

A construction method using an expanded polystyrene or extruded blank, fiberglass cloth, and laminated with epoxy resin.

Fiberglass

Fine filaments of silica glass made into a yarn and woven into a fabric that is used to reinforce resin.

Fillet

The resin and fiberglass support area at the base of a glassed-on fin.

Fin rope

A rarely used material made of fiberglass strands woven into rope that is applied for strength when glassing on fins.  See also roving.

Fin system

Generic term to describe the various removable fin setups using plugs or boxes.

Fire; firing

Go off; going off.  Another superlative to describe good surf.  Usage: “Hey, Supers is firing on all cylinders.”

Flail

To make eccentric, often funny arm and body movements; to surf in a clumsy manner,  Usage: “Tommy flails.”

Flap, flappin'

To make spastic arm movements; to flail.

Foam core surfboard

See also polyurethane/foam and fiberglass (P/U); also see EPS/epoxy.

Free lap

A lamination technique used with Silane cloth and ortho resin where the cut lap step is eliminated because the cloth is not visible under the resin.

Glasser

Person who applies laminate resin and fiberglass on a shaped blank.

Glass job

Overall term used to describe the process of applying and/or the finished product of a surfboard's fiberglass and resin coat.

Gloss coat

A special, thin coat of resin brushed on after a board has been sanded, which is later polished to make a shiny, reflective finish.

Greenough spoon

A type of kneeboard.

Haole (Hawaiian)

White skinned, foreigner; comes from ha, meaning breath of life, and ole, meaning not, or lack of.

Hatchet fin

The “Turn Fin” developed by Dewey Weber for the Performer surfboard in the mid-1960s.

Hawaiian redwood

plank

Early Hawaiian solid redwood surfboards (1800s to 1930).

He'e (Hawaiian)

To slide, to surf.

He'e nalu (Hawaiian)

To surf; a rider of the waves; wave sliding.

Hoe (Hawaiian)

Paddle for a canoe.

Hoku' (Hawaiian)

Star.

Hollow composite

sandwich surfboard

Category of surfboard construction; includes boards that feature a hollow skeleton made of a composite material such as carbon.

Hot coat

Layer of resin applied after the laminate coat has kicked that makes a glass job possible to sand; also called sanding resin.

Insane

Really great; usually used to describe the surf.  Usage:  “It was totally insane.”

Isophthalic, iso

A slightly stronger polyester resin with a slight tint that is used in color laminations or with Volan cloth.

Kahuna (Hawaiian)

A priest, sorcerer, or expert practitioner in all things surf and waves.

Kakala (Hawaiian)

The style of surfing used when riding an alaia board for fast-breaking waves.

Kai (Hawaiian)

The sea, seawater.

Kane (Hawaiian)

Male, man.

Kick

Resin that is catalyzing.

Kiko'o (Hawaiian)

A very long surfboard, 12' to 18', used in more-challenging surf conditions.

Killer

A complimentary word meaning awesome or great.  Usage: “That was a killer wave” “Let’s go get some killer slices [pizza].”

Killing (killin) it

Surfing well.  When you're ripping hard.  Usage: “You were killing it out there today.”

Kioe (Hawaiian)

A small surfboard.

Kipapa (Hawaiian)

To surf laying in the prone position.

Koa (Hawaiian)

A soldier, brave, a tree (Acacia koa).

Kokua (Hawaiian)

To help; consideration.

Kona (Hawaiian)

South; southwest; his, hers, its.

Kook

An unskilled or uncool surfer.

La (Hawaiian)

Sun; the day.

La'au (Hawaiian)

Wood.

Laminate

1. The first layer of resin used to hold the fiberglass cloth to the shaped blank.  2. The act of applying the first layer of resin.

Layup

A term to describe the materials used to laminate a board.

Lay up

The act of applying fiberglass and resin to a surface.  See also laminate.

Log

A very heavy surfboard.

Macking

When huge waves roll in, big and powerful as a Mack truck.  Usage: “The waves are fully macking.”

Mahalo (Hawaiian)

Thank you; to wonder, appraise.

Ma'hina (Hawaiian)

The moon.

Major

Big Time. Usage; “a major lull.”

Ma kau (Hawaiian)

Toward the mountains.

Mal

Australian term for an old-style longboard. From the 1950s “Malibu board.”

Malibu chip

Balsa wood surfboard from the early 1950s.  See also Chip.

Mask-off

Putt on masking tape to keep resin or paint off of a desired area.

MEKP

Abbreviation for methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, commonly known as a catalyst or hardener for polyester resins.

Nalu (Hawaiian)

Surf; ocean; wave.

Nalu ha'i lala

(Hawaiian)

A diagonal breaking wave.

Nalu kua loloa

(Hawaiian)

A wave that breaks for a long way.

Nectar

1. The juice, or energy, of a wave.  2. Any fruit juice, such as papaya, passion fruit, or mango.  3. Sweet, like nectar; used to describe an attractive female.  Usage: “She’s really nectar.”

Noseride, noseriding

Riding the wave while standing on the front foot or two of one’s surfboard.

Noserider

1. A type of surfboard specifically designed to allow the surfer to stand on the nose of the board while riding the wave.  2. A surfer who is especially good at riding on the nose of his board.

Ohana (Hawaiian)

Family, relatives.

Onaulu loa (Hawaiian)

A lengthy and great wave.