#WORLD

POPULATION

1.6 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

76 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$1,000/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

5 cents

Gasoline:

Not widely

available

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

1.86 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

105,710,620 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$1,236/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

9 cents

Gasoline:

22 cents per gallon

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

2.07 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

123,188,000 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$1,368/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

8 cents

Gasoline:

10 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

15 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

2.3 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

131,669,275 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$1,299/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

13 cents

Gasoline:

11 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

35 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

2.5 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

152,271,417 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$5,019/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

16 cents

Gasoline:

29 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

55 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

3 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

177 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$8,346/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

25 cents

Gasoline:

32 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

75 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

3.7 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

203,302,031 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$7,564/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

25 cents

Gasoline:

59 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

$1.50 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

4.4 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

226,545,805 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$15,757/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

85 cents

Gasoline:

$1.25 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

$2.60 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

5.3 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

248,709,873 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$28,970/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

$1.57 cents

Gasoline:

$1.34 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

$4.59 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

6.7 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

304,853,375 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$40,343/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

$1.72 cents

Gasoline:

$1.52 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

$6.50 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

#WORLD

POPULATION

6.9 billion

 

#U.S.

POPULATION:

308,745,538 million

 

#AVERAGE

U.S. SALARY:

$42,523/year

 

#U.S. PRICES:

Loaf of bread:

$2.49 cents

Gasoline:

$2.73 cents per gallon

Movie

admission:

$6.50 cents

THE YEAR IN

NUMBERS

4,000 BC

323-283

BCE

800s

 

1000-1100

1215

 

1400s

1492

1492

1519-1522

1543

1570s

1609

1619

1619

1620

 

 

 

1638

1640

1669

1696

 

1672

1676

1687

1687

1700

 

1761

1771

 

1773

1775

1776

1776

1781

1787

1788

1789

1790

 

 

1796

1803

1812

1821

1823

1824

1825

1827

1830

1833

1835

1835

1836

1838

1841

1842

1842

1844

1846

1846

1848

1851

1854

1856

1859

1859

1860

1861

1861

1863

1864

1865

1867

1869

1869

1870

1873

1875

1875

1876

1878

1879

1879

1880

1881

1883

1884

1886

1890

1890

1892

1895

1895

1896

1898

1898

1899

First permanent human settlements (homo sapiens) are established along the Pacific coast of North America

Euclid wrote a series of 13 books on geometry called The Elements

Abbas Ibn Firnas, a Muslim, is rumored to have made a successful attempt at flying. He built his own glider,

and launched himself from a mountain

Abu Rayhan al Biruni establishes the beginning of Islamic astronomy and physical mechanics

The Magna Carta document is adopted in England, guaranteeing liberties to the English people, and

proclaiming basic rights and procedures which later become the foundation of modern democracy

Nicole Oresme discovers the curvature of light through atmospheric refraction

Columbus reaches the West Indies (Caribbean) on the first of his voyages of discovery

Christopher Columbus and crew sighted land Oct. 12 in present-day Bahamas

Ferdinand Magellan is the first person to sail around the world

Copernicus describes the heliocentric model of the solar system

Tycho Brahe publishes his detailed astronomical observations

Johannes Kepler publishes the first two laws of planetary motion

First representative assembly in New World, elected July 30 at Jamestown, VA

Johannes Kepler publishes the third law of planetary motion

November 9, the Mayflower ship lands at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, with 101 colonists.  On November 11,

the Mayflower Compact is signed by the 41 men, establishing a form of local government in which the

colonists agree to abide by majority rule and to cooperate for the general good of the colony.  The Compact

sets the precedent for other colonies as they set up governments

Galileo Galilei describes the laws of falling bodies

First book printed in America, the so-called Bay Psalm Book

Nicolas Steno proposes that fossils are organic remains embedded in layers of sediment, this is the basis of stratigraphy

The Royal African Trade Company loses its slave trade monopoly, spurring colonists in New England to engage

in slave trading for profit

Sir Issac Newton discovers that white light is a spectrum of a mixture of distinct colored rays

Ole Romer conducts the first successful measurement of the speed of light

Sir Issac Newton publishes the Classical Mathematical description of the fundamental force of universal gravitation

Sir Issac Newton publishes the three physical laws of motion

The Anglo population in the English colonies in America reaches 275,000, with Boston (pop. 7000) as the largest city,

followed by New York (pop. 5000)

Mikhail Lomonosov discovers that Venus has an atmosphere

Charles Messier publishes a catalogue of astronomical objects (Messier Objects) now known to include galaxies,

star clusters, and nebulae

First museum in the colonies was officially established in Charleston, SC

Patrick Henry addressed Virginia convention, March 23, said “Give me liberty or give me death!”

Richard Henry Lee of the Continental Congress, presents a formal resolution calling for independence from Britain

Declaration of Independence approved July 4, signed August 2

William Herschel announces the discovery of Uranus, expanding the scope of the solar system for the first time

Constitutional convention opened in Philadelphia, May 25, with Washington presiding

The Constitution of the United States is now in effect, having been ratified by the required nine states

George Washington chosen president by all electors voting

The largest American city is Philadelphia, with 42,000 persons, followed by New York (33,000)

Boston (18,000) Charleston (16,000) and Baltimore (13,000).  The majority of Americans are involved

in agricultural pursuits, with little industrial activity occurring at this time

Georges Cuvier’s work establishes species extinction as a fact

Supreme Court, in Marbury v. Madison overturned U.S. law for first time.  Louisiana Purchase doubled U.S. area

War of 1812; Unaware that Britain had raised blockade against France, congress declared war June 18

Emma Willard founded Troy Female Seminary, First U.S. women’s college

Monroe Doctrine, opposing European intervention in the Americas, enunciated by President James Monroe December 2

Mexico becomes an independent republic and outlaws slavery

John Stevens, of Hoboken, NJ, built and operated first experimental steam locomotive in U.S.

Massachusetts became first state to pass a law providing for tax-supported public high schools

Nikolai Lobachevsky created non-euclidean geometry

Oberlin College became first to adopt coeducation in U.S.

Liberty Bell cracked July while tolling death of Chief Justice John Marshall

Texas declares independence from Mexico

Marcus Whitman, H.H. Spaulding, and wives reached Fort Walla Walla on Columbia River, OR.  First white women to cross plains

Mathias Schleiden discovers that all plants are made of cells

Edgar Allan Poe published one of the first American detective stories.  The Murders in the Rue Morgue

First use of anesthetic (sulfuric ether gas)

Christian Doppler discovers and describes the Doppler Effect

First message over first telegraph line sent May 24

Bear flag of Republic of California raised by American settlers at Sonoma, June 14

Johann Gottfried Galle and Heinrich Louis d’Arrest discover the planet Neptune

Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton led Seneca Falls, NY, Women’s Rights Convention July 19-20

Herman Melvill’s Moby-Dick published

Republican Party formed at Ripon, WI, Feb. 28

First U.S. kindergarten opened in Watertown, WI

Edwin L. Drake drilled the first commercially productive oil well near Titusville, PA, August 27

Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace publish the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection

Republican Abraham Lincoln elected president November 6 in 4-way race

The United States civil war begins

Civil War began as confederates fired on Ft. Sumter in Charleston, SC, April 12

President Lincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation Jan. 1, freeing “all slaves in areas still in rebellion”

President Abraham Lincoln is shot, he dies the next day

Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered 27,800 Confederate troops to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House in VA, April 9

Alaska sold to U.S. by Russia for $7.2 mil March 30, through efforts of Sec. Of State Williams H. Seward

Transcontinental railroad completed; golden spike driven at Promontory, UT.

Women suffrage law passed in Wyoming Territory December 10

The 15th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, giving blacks but not women the right to vote

First U.S. postal card issued May 1

First Kentucky Derby held May 17

The Civil Rights Act is passed by the U.S. Congress

Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone March 7

Thomas A. Edison founded Edison Electric Light Co. on October 15

F. W. Woolworth opened his first five-and-ten store, in Utica, NY, February 22

George Selden of Rochester, NY. filed for the first patent for an automobile

The first recorded “bathing beauty” pageant in the U.S. is held in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware.  Thomas Edison is a judge!

Clara Barton founded American Red Cross May 21.  Booker T. Washington founded Tuskegee Institute for blacks

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 is declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court

Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Fin published

Apache Indian Geronimo surrendered September 4, ending last major Indian war

At the Battle of Wounded Knee, 200 Native American women and children are massacred by U.S. troops

Jacob Riis’s How the Other Half Lives, about city slums, published, instigating reform legislation in New York City

James J. Corbett defeated John L. Sullivan Sept. 7 to become first world heavyweight champion under Marquess of Queensbury rules

“America, the Beautiful” appeared for the first time, in church publication, July 4

Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen discovers x-rays

Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity

Marie Curie discovers polonium, radium, and coins the term “radioactivity”

Annexation of Hawaii signed by President William McKinley, July 7

Philosopher John Dewey’s School and Society, advocating progressive education (“learn by doing”), published

pre 1910

1940

1940

1940

1940

1941

1941

1941

1941

1941

1941

1941

1942

1942

1942

1942

1943

1943

1943

1944

1944

1944

1944

1945

1945

1945

1945

1945

1947

1947

1947

1947

1947

1947

1947

1948

1948

1948

1948

1949

1949

1949

In the U.S. a new car in the early 1940s cost about 800 dollars and a gallon of gas was whooping 18 cents

A new Chevrolet station wagon costs about $903

A new Plymouth station wagon costs about $970

Penicillin first used as a practical antibiotic

U.S. declares war after surprise Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7

National Gallery of Art opens in Washington, D.C.

Manhattan Project begins top-secret atomic research

The Japanese military attacks Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.  US declares war on Japan

U.S. declares war after surprise Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7

Hitler’s Germany declares war on the U.S.

The Messerschmitt Me–262 flew for the first time.  The aircraft was the world’s first operational jet fighter

At the Battle of Midway, the Japanese Fleet is turned back with heavy losses

Credit for the first printed t-shirt often goes to the Air Corps Gunnery School Tee on the 7/13/42 cover of LIFE magazine

Bell Aircraft tests first U.S. jet airplane

Japanese-Americans rounded up and interned in detention camps; property confiscated

Rationing expands to shoes, clothing, meat, butter, cheese and all canned goods

Jitterbug favorite dance and zoot suit most popular fashion

In the Pacific, the U.S. and Australia continue island to island offensive against Japan

Non-aggressive “Foo-fighters” (or UFOs) are buzzing Allied airplanes in European and Pacific Theaters of War

“Ozzie and Harriet” radio show begins

G.I. Bill of Right enacted for veterans’ benefits

DNA established as genetic source for heredity

About 50 German jet aircraft shot down 10 U.S. bombers—the largest single loss of bombersto enemy jets in WWII

Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima, Nagasaki; Japan surrenders, August 14

In the first atomic bomb attack, a B–29 called Enola Gay destroyed the city of Hiroshima with a single bomb

WWII ends.  The Japanese surrendered to the Allies on board the USS Missouri in a formal signing ceremony

An American Airlines flight from New York to England initiates commercial flight from North America to Europe

Pilot Kenneth Arnold claimed to have seen nine unidentified flying objects (UFOs) he described as “saucers”

In a meeting in Daytona Beach, William France oversaw the formation of NASCAR

A flying object crashes near Roswell New Mexico.  Officials initially claim it to be a UFO of extraterrestrial origin

President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act, which created a Department of the Air Force

October 14: Capt. Charles E. “Chuck” Yeager made the first faster-than-sound flight in the Bell XS–1

Jackie Robinson signs with the Dodgers; first black player in major-league baseball

Bell Lab scientists invent the transistor

Eddie Arcaro becomes first jockey to win Kentucky Derby 4 times

USAF pilot Capt. Thomas Mantell crashes his P-51 chasing a UFO over Kentucky.  The dogfight lasts some 45 minutes

The American motor industry builds its 100,000,000th car

Dr. Ferdinand Porsche launches Porsche.  This new car is a re-working of his pre-war Volkswagen concept

Louise Smith becomes the first woman to compete in a premiere NASCAR sanctioned car race

Levittown, N.Y. opens: 10,000-home tract with houses selling at $7,000

American Cancer Society links cigarette smoking to cancer

1940

liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable.

~Daniel Webster

2001

2001

2001

2001

2001

 

 

2001

2001

2002

2002

2003

2003

2003

2004

2004

2004

2005

2005

2005

2005

2007

2008

2008

2009

The first draft of the human genome project is completed

The NASA announces the Voyager 1 spacecraft to reach the beginnings of interstellar space by 2003

Contact with the deep space probe Pioneer 10 is lost.  It is the first man made object to leave the solar system

A USAF RQ–4A Global Hawk made the first nonstop crossing of the Pacific Ocean by an unmanned aerial vehicle

Arab terrorists hijacked four U.S. airliners, crashing two of them into the 110-story twin towers of the

World Trade Center in New York and one into the Pentagon in Washington, D.C.  Both towers and part of the

Pentagon collapsed and more than 3,000 people died

World Trade Center twin towers in New York City in worst ever-terrorist attack

The DoD chose Lockheed Martin over Boeing to build the Joint Strike Fighter.  The contract is worth $200 billion+

United Airlines, the nation’s second-largest airline company, declared the largest bankruptcy in aviation history

Former President Jimmy Carter named October 10 as winner of a Nobel Peace Prize

Space shuttle Columbia broke apart over southwestern U.S. during its descent

A U.S.-led military aimed at ousting Saddam Hussein got underway

The Patriots, a civilian precision aerobatic jet team based in the US is formed

SpaceShipOne is the first non-government spacecraft to transport a person into space and return safely to earth

NASA’s X-43 reaches a record speed of Mach 10 (7,000 mph, 11,200 km/h)

National World War II Memorial in Washington, DC opened to the public

Lance Armstrong won record-setting 7th straight Tour De France

Civil rights icon Rosa Parks died, she became first woman to lie in honor in the US Capitol rotunda

Danica Patrick became the first female to lead a lap in the Indianapolis 500

The number of licensed female drivers in the U.S. surpasses that of male drivers.  The difference continues to widen

The USAF Thunderbirds’ performed in Ireland with more than 100,000 people in attendance at the air show

Danica Patrick becomes the first woman to win a major closed course auto race with her victory at the Indy Japan

In the US, General Motors announces annual losses of $39 billion - the largest ever loss by a US car manufacturer

During the 2009 Tour of the Pacific Rim, more than 1.2 million people saw the USAF Thunderbirds in person

2000

this land is your land.  this land is my land. from california to the new york island. from the redwood forest to the gulfstream waters.  this land was made for you and me.

~Woody Guthrie

2010

 

2010

2010

2011

2011

2012

2014

 

2014

 

2015

2015

2015

The Neanderthal Genome Project presented preliminary genetic evidence that interbreeding did likely take place

and that a small but significant portion of Neanderthal admixture is present in modern non-African populations

The Blue Angels fly 68 air shows at 35 sites in the United States during the 2010 season, flying the F/A-18 Hornet

The Deepwater Horizon oil rig burns after exploding.  The disaster led to the largest oil spill in U.S. history

Sick of seeing half-naked tourists, Barcelona, Spain bans bikinis on streets that aren’t adjacent to the beach

China leaks photos of it’s first stealth aircraft, the J-20.  Its a bomber with a long range and large weapons loads

The Higgs Boson is discovered at Cern (confirmed to 99.999% certainty)

An immaculate 1967 Corvette was sold for $725,000 at Mecum’s Houston Classic Automobile Auction.  The one

owner sportscar was purchased in May of 1967 for $5,000 he had just won in Vegas slot machines

The new McLaren 650S Hybrid (McLaren’s least expensive model) costs about $265,000.  The rear wheel drive

supercar produces 641HP

It is estimated that $1 billion dollars would last a new team owner less than four years racing in Formula 1

The planet Kepler438b is discovered to have similar Earth-like properties

NASA discovers traces of liquid water on Mars

2010

and so, my feelow americans: ask not what your country can do for you -

ask what you can do for your country.

~John F. Kennedy

Bay Psalm Book

Issac Newton

Declaration of

Independence

1776

Mark Twain

J.P. Morgan

Ford Motor Company logo

Michael Owens

Glass bottle machine

Alice Ramsy

Women swimsuits

Ray Harroun

Winner of the Indy 500

Frank Winfield Woolworth

founder

Albert Einstein

19th Amendment

Model T's Ford

Pan Am Fokker F-7

Harlem Globetrotters

Star-Spangled Banner

Amelia Earhart

21st Amendment made

alcohol no longer

prohibited

Golden Gate Bridge opens

Alexander Flemming

Discovered Pencillin

Adolph Hitler

Declares War

Flying object crash in

New Mexico

Jackie Robinson

Sign contract with

Brooklyn Dodgers

U.S. Marine captures

North Koreans

Chevrolet 'Corvair'

Corvette Fastback

Lyndon Johnson

Signing Civil Rights

Hawaii becomes States

John F. Kennedy greets

Peace Corps volunteers

Ed Sullivan and

The Beatles

Woodstock Poster

Gay Rights Movement

Ira Einhorn

Co-founder Earth Day

All in the Family

TV comedy

Cigarette Smoking Act

Frederick W. Smith

founded Federal Express

President Reagan into law

on Martin Luther King Jr.

Holiday

M.A.S.H. Final Episode

Broadway

Joop Sinjou of Philips

introduces the

Compact Disc

Pete Rose

Iraq leader

Saddam Hussein

First female

U.S. Attorney General

Janet Reno

The Brady Bill

James Brady and

President Clinton

John H. Glenn Jr.

NASA Honors

Legendary astronaut

World Trade Center attack

Civil Rights Rosa Parks

United States Airforce

Thunderbirds

Physicists found

Higgs Boson

The Pioneer Missions

NASA

USAF RQ-44 Global Hawk

Haiti Earthquake

relief efforts by the army

The Deepwater Horizon

Oil Rig

1900

1900

1900

1900

1901

1901

1901

1903

1903

1903

1903

1903

1903

1903

1903

1904

1904

1905

1905

1905

1905

1907

1907

1907

1907

1908

1909

1909

1909

1909

1909

First direct primary election, Michigan

Max Planck’s law of “black body radiation” becomes the basis for Quantum Theory

By 1900 people were flocking to the beaches for activities such as swimming, surf bathing, and diving

Form fitting women’s bathing suits no longer camouflage the contours of the female body

J.P. Morgan founds U.S. Steel Company

Worldwide, a reported 4000 automobiles, produced by more than 50 manufacturers, were in operation

McKinley is assassinated, Vice-President Theodore Roosevelt becomes president

Treaty gives U.S. 10-mile-wide Panama Canal Zone for 99 years

The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, piloted a powered heavier-than-air aircraft for the first sustained flights

Henry Ford eventually succeeded in raising $28,000 to found the Ford Motor Company

Alexander Winton sets a new speed record of 69 mph for the “flying mile” with his Winton Bullet at Daytona Beach

By this time over 17,000 vehicles are now registered to operate in Britain

With a total world roll out of 61,927 automobiles, 11,235 were manufactured in America

Michael Owens invents bottle-making machine

Wright Brothers complete first successful manned flight, Kitty Hawk, N.C. (852 ft., 59 sec.)

First Olympics in U.S., St. Louis

Cy Young pitches first “perfect major league baseball game

The ability of Americans to purchase automobiles is greatly expanded by the introduction of installment finance plans

The American car industry produces 33,500 cars

Einstein develops Theory of Relativity

Albert Einstein publishes the Theory of Special Relativity with an explanation of Brownian motion and photoelectrics

First talking color motion pictures, Cleveland

Ford introduces Model T, sells for $850

Glenn Curtiss forms the first airplane company in the United States

By the end of 1907 over 60,000 Cars were registered to operate in Britain

Ford Motor Company introduces the Model T.  The car sold for $825.  Ford produced 8000 units

Louis Chevrolet won the fifth “Indy car” race at Crown Point, Indianapolis.  He was driving a Buick

Alice Ramsey, 22, drives across the U.S., covering 3,800 miles.  Only 152 miles of the trip are on paved roads

Taft is first president to open baseball season with a pitch

Plastic Age begins with manufacture of Bakelite

Robert Peary and party are first to reach North Pole

1900

What makes a nation in the beginning is a good piece of geography.

~Robert Frost

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1910

1911

1912

1912

1912

1912

1912

1912

1913

1913

1914

1914

1914

1915

1915

1915

1915

1916

1916

1917

1917

1918

1918

1919

1919

Halley’s Comet passes the sun

Women began ditching skirts and long sleeves in favor of bathing suits that allowed for more freedom to swim

Glenn Curtiss set a new air speed record of approximately 55 miles per hour (89 kilometers per hour)

Blanche Scott became the first American woman pilot when she soloed over Hammondsport, New York

The first major U.S. air show took place at Dominguez Field, just south of Los Angeles

There were only 8,000 cars and only 144 miles of paved roads in the United States

The maximum speed limit in most U.S. cities was 10 mph

Fuel for automobiles was sold primarily in drug stores

The average US wage in 1910 was 22 cents per hour

The average US worker made between $200 and $400 per year

Due in large part to the growing auto industry, an mechanical engineer could earn about $5,000 per year

It is estimated that Automobile production in the Untied States reaches 181,000

Barney Oldfield, still suspended by the AAA, went barnstorming and raised the land speed record to 70.159 mph

The average life expectancy for men in the United States was 47 years

Ray Harroun wins the first Indianapolis 500

Jules Vedrine makes the first 100 mph flight in his Monocoque Deperdussin

Jim Thorpe wins Olympic decathlon and pentathlon

F. W. Woolworth Co. founded

First minimum wage act for women and children passed, Mass

First automobile driver jailed for speeding

SS Titanic sinks on maiden voyage; 1,513 people drowned

Ford establishes first moving assembly line, produces 1,000 Model Ts per day

The International Federation of Aeronautics reports that by the end of 1912, 2,490 pilots worldwide had been awarded licenses

Ford raises the daily pay of its assembly line production workers to an auto industry record of $5

World War I begins in Europe

Archduke Francis Ferdinand assassinated in Sarajevo; Great War (WWI) begins

Charlie Chaplin stars in “The Tramp”

Wilson vetoes bill requiring literacy tests for citizenship

Albert Einstein publishes the theory of general relativity

Karl Schwartzschild’s discovery of the Schwarzschild radius leads to the discovery and identification of black holes

Norman Rockwell begins illustrating “Saturday Evening Post” covers

Electric clocks introduced

Dixieland jazz becomes rage for music lovers

U.S. enters World War I

World War I ends

In America, car registrations exceed five million registered vehicles

At the Qualifying sessions for the Indy 500, Rene Thomas becomes the first driver to qualify over 100 mph

Enzo Ferrari finishes ninth at the Targa Florio bringing him to the notice of Alfa Romeo

1910

territory is but the body of a nation.  the people who inhabit its hills and

valleys are its soul, its spirit, its life.

~James A. Garfield

1920

1920

1920

1920

1920

1921

1921

1921

1920-30s

1921

1922

1922

1923

1923

1923

1923

1924

1924

1924

1924

1924

1925

1925

1925

1925

1926

1926

 

1926

1927

1927

 

1927

1927

1927

1927

1927

1927

1928

1928

1928

1928

1928

1929

1929

1929

Half of all the motor vehicles in the world are Model T Fords

Aeromarine West Indies Airways began flights between Key West, Florida, and Havana, Cuba

Louis Chevrolet’s Monroe racer wins the Indianapolis 500 with his brother Gaston at the wheel

19th Amendment gives women the right to vote

First commercial radio station broadcasts election results, Pittsburgh

Congress passes quota law limiting European immigration

“Unknown Soldier” buried at Arlington National Cemetery; Armistice Day proclaimed a national holiday

The first edition of the Miss America Pageant takes place in Atlantic City.  Norman Rockwell judges

Jantzen’s new swimsuits were more figure hugging and less restrictive than any previous swimwear

Sig Haugdahl became the first to break the “three-miles-a-minute” barrier, reaching 180.27 mph at Daytona Beach

At Norfolk, Virginia, the Navy commissioned its first aircraft carrier, the USS Langley

Ford, by this year, has produced over one million Model Ts

Lt. Oakley G. Kelly and Lt. John A. Macready completed the first nonstop transcontinental flight, in slightly less than 27 hours

Ford manufactures over 2,000,000 Model Ts

Kodak introduces first 16mm movie system

DuPont acquires rights to manufacture cellophane

Congress passes act making all native-born American Indians full citizens

Edwin Hubble discovers that the Milky Way is just one of many galaxies (estimated at billions)

One hundred twenty-two automobile manufacturing companies were in production in the United States

Flying two Douglas World Cruisers, pilots of the Air Service completed the first flight around the world

Sir Malcolm Campbell achieves an official Land Speed Record of 146 mph in a 12 cyl. Sunbeam developing 350hp

Nellie Ross becomes first female governor, Wyoming

Chrysler Corporation founded

John Scopes convicted for teaching evolution, Tennessee

First National Spelling Bee, Kentucky

“Jazz Singer” released as first movie with sound

Congress establishes the Distinguished Flying Cross, directing that it be awarded to individuals for

outstanding flying achievements since April 6, 1917

Motorists in London see the pioneering use of electric traffic lights for the first time

Georges Lemaitre presented the Theory of the Big Bang to explain the creation of the universe

Charles A. Lindbergh, completed the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean, from New York to

Paris, a distance of 3,610 miles, in 33 hours and 39 minutes

Pan American World Airways (Pan-Am) is formed

Lt. Lester Maitland and Lt. Albert Hegenberger completed the first flight between California and the Hawaiian Islands

Briton Henry Segrave sets the first land speed record over 200 mph with a run of 203.792 mph at Daytona Beach

Babe Ruth sets baseball home run record with 60 for season

Supreme Court declares unconstitutional a Texas law forbidding Negroes to vote in primaries

Charles Lindbergh solos from N.Y. to France, 3,600 miles, 33 1/2 hours, in “Spirit of St. Louis”

Harlem Globetrotters basketball team organized

First television broadcasts, Schenectady, N.Y.

Walt Disney releases first Mickey Mouse cartoon

Fleming discovers penicillin

Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith of Australia and a three-man crew completed the first flight from the US to Australia

Annual US car production reached 5,337,087, a record that stood until the I950s

26.5 million cars were now registered in the USA

“Black Tuesday” stock market crash on October 29, 1929

1920

i am not a Virginian, but an american.

~Patrick Henry

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TWA inaugurated the first transcontinental passenger air service between New York and Los Angeles

V. Bush develops first analog computer

Al Capone imprisoned for income tax evasion

“Star-Spangled Banner” official U.S. national anthem

Cole Porter writes “Night and Day”

Amelia Earhart first woman to make solo transatlantic flight, Newfoundland to Ireland

Franklin D Roosevelt elected president

21st Amendment repeals Prohibition

Roosevelt begins “Good Neighbor Policy” with Latin American nations

Ferdinand Porshe proposes a new kind of car for the German masses – a Volkswagen.  The result is massive government investment

Amelia Earhart, completed the first solo flight from Hawaii to California in 18 hours 15 minutes

Sir Malcolm Campbell becomes the first driver to exceed the 300 mph barrier with a run of 301.129 at Bonneville

Fifty-four percent of families in the United States now own a car

Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, N.Y.

Jesse Owens wins 4 gold medals at Berlin Olympics

Boulder (Hoover) Dam is completed, highest in world

Golden Gate Bridge competed, longest span at time (4,200 ft.)

Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean in their attempt to fly around the world

After massive investment by Hitler’s regime, the Volkswagen goes into production in Nazi Germany

World War II starts in Europe with German Invasion of Poland

President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the Air Corps to train black pilots

The earliest printed shirt was perhaps the collectible tee made for promoting the 1939 film The Wizard of OZ

1930

the land of the free, and the home of the brave.

~Francis Scott Key

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Korean war starts, North invades South – UN intervenes (USSR absent from Security Council)

North Korea invades South Korea; Truman authorizes use of U.S. forces

In the first battle between jet aircraft, Lt. Russell Brown in an F–80 Shooting Star shot down a North Korean MIG–15

6,657,000 cars were sold in the USA

Charles Schulz launches “Peanuts” comic strip

Rachel Carson’s “The Sea Around Us” begins ecological movement

Korean Armistice declared; 38th parallel is boundary

“I Love Lucy” and “Honeymooners” are favorite TV shows

Crick and Watson described the helical structure of DNA, the basis for molecular biology

Scott Crossfield was the first human to reach Mach 2 (twice the speed of sound) in the rocket-propelled D-558-2

The Chevrolet Corvette is introduced and becomes the only American made open top sports car

The Boeing 707, the first U.S. jet-powered airliner, made its first flight near Seattle, Washington

The 50 millionth General Motors car rolls off the production line

McCarthy censured by Senate for misconduct in anti-Communist hearings

Jonas Salk discovers polio vaccine

Marian Anderson is first black to sing at Metropolitan Opera

General Motors first corporation to earn over $1 billion in a year

McDonald’s opens its first automobile drive-thru hamburger/french fry restaurant

Construction of Groom Lake, NV (aka. Area 51) was completed.  It consisted of a runway, hangars, and a control tower

Congress passes Civil Rights act prohibiting discrimination in public

The American Congress approves construction of the 41,000 mile Interstate highway system

Hula-Hoops and stuffing phone booths are popular pastimes

Stereo LP records are introduced

The Navy conducted the first underwater test-firing of a Polaris ballistic missile launched from a nuclear submarine

Toyotas and Datsuns are imported to the United States for the first time

Alaska and Hawaii become states

A Cadillac Convertible, the ultimate U.S. car with the ultimate tailfins, is priced at $5,400

U.S. postmaster bans mailing of “Lady Chatterley’s Lover” on grounds of obscenity

First astronauts selected by NASA

1950

the ballot is stronger than the bullet.

~Abraham Lincoln

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At the end of the 1950s decade an average U.S. car cost around $2,200 dollars

Francis Gary Powers, a CIA U–2 pilot, was shot down over the Soviet Union and put on trial for espionage

Scott Crossfield became the first human to fly Mach 3 (three times the speed of sound, 2,000 MPH), in an X-15

Eighty percent of United Stated families own at least one car

The Japanese car industry manufactures 200,000 cars

Auto companies begin shift to compact cars

Alan Shepard is first American to travel in space

President Kennedy establishes Peace Corps

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin of the USSR became the first person to be launched into space and orbit Earth

By completing a suborbital flight into space, Cmdr. Alan B. Shepard, Jr., USN, became the first U.S. astronaut

Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, Jr., United States Marine Corps, became the first U.S. astronaut to orbit Earth

Wilt Chamberlain is first basketball player to score 100 points in a game

Supreme Court rules that prayer in schools is unconstitutional

Polaroid introduces instant color film

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers “I have a dream...” speech

U.S. recognizes new South Vietnamese government; continues military aid

Jr. Lt. Valentina Tereshkova, a Soviet cosmonaut, became the first woman in space.  Her flight lasted three days

US President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas

The Ford Mustang is introduced to great acclaim and achieves sales of more than 500,000 units in its first 18 months

Despite continuing disinterest by motorists, front seat belts are mandated as standard in all American cars

Beatles appear on Ed Sullivan show, take U.S. by storm

Cassius Clay wins heavyweight boxing title

Civil Rights Act bans discrimination in employment and accommodations

Voting Rights Act extends black voter registration

Medicare begins providing medical care for those 65 and older

Kevlar was invented by Stephanie Kwolek, while experimenting with polymers for new ways to reinforce car tires

A new Chevrolet Malibu cost about $2,156

Craig Breedlove, established a new land speed record of 555.483 MPH

Pan Am placed a $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s.  The 747 jumbo jet revolutionized mass air transportation

Truth in packaging law passed by Congress

Urban race riots rage in 16 U.S. cities

Thurgood Marshall first black appointed to Supreme Court

Cholesterol found to be a cause of heart disease

Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish discover first pulsar

A new Volkswagen beetle cost about $1,769

Classification of movies by G, PG, R and X begins

Surgeon Norman Shumway performs first U.S. heart transplant

400,000 people attend Woodstock Music Festival

Gay Rights movement begins with protest marches and demonstrations

Neil Armstrong first man to land on the moon: “...one giant leap for mankind”

The average new car in the United States cost $3,400 dollars

1960

the will of the people is the best law.

~Ulysses Grant

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EPA created to enforce Clean Air Act

First “Doonesbury” cartoon strip by Garry Trudeau

TV’s “Sesame Street” begins helping preschool children learn

448 colleges either closed or on strike due to anti-war movement

First celebration of Earth Day; 20 million participate

“All in the Family” brings controversial topics to TV situation comedy

Cigarette advertisements banned from TV

Supreme Court rules hiring practices for men and women must be the same

Fred Smith founded Federal Express Corporation, an overnight air freight delivery service in Little Rock, Arkansas

The largest pterosaur known, Quetzalcoatlus, was discovered in Texas.  Its wingspan was about 36 feet or 12 meters

A Soviet test of weaponized smallpox caused an outbreak that killed 2 children and a woman before containment

26th Amendment changes voting age to 18

Supreme Court upholds busing of children as a means for school integration

Military draft phased out, armed forces become all-volunteer

90 countries, including U.S., agree to stop dumping pollutants into oceans

Pioneer 10 was launched from Cape Kennedy.  The craft headed to Jupiter and then continued into deep space

Challenger, the lander for Apollo 17, landed on the Moon's surface.  It was the last time that men visited the Moon

U.S. and South Vietnam sign cease-fire with Viet Cong and North Vietnam, ending the war

Endangered Species Act prohibits government activities which might be harmful to any endangered species

Little League opens to female players

The last of 11,916,519 original VW ‘Beetles’ to be built at Wolfsburg, Germany leaves the production line

Massive evacuation of U.S. troops, civilians and refugees from Vietnam

Apollo 18 astronauts and Soyuz 19 cosmonauts dock for news conference from space

The Viking I space probe landed on the surface of Mars and began transmitting images of the Martian landscape

U.S. bans use of fluorocarbons in aerosol spray cans

Carter promotes energy conservation as priority for U.S.

Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel signed at Camp David

U.S. and China resume full diplomatic relations for the first time since 1949

Voyager 2, a space probe launched in 1977, reached the planet Jupiter and began sending back photographs

1970

i look upon the whole world as my fatherland.  i look upon true patriotism as the brotherhood of man and the service of all to all.

~Helen Keller

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U.S. boycotts Moscow Olympics to protest Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

Japan replaces U.S. as world’s auto producer

Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first woman Supreme Court Justice

National program to fight drug abuse begins

Space shuttle Columbia completes its first orbital flight

AIDS first identified as new infectious disease with no known cure

Last TV episode of “M*A*S*H*” seen by a record 125 million viewers

Martin Luther King’s birthday is declared a national holiday

U.S.S.R. boycotts the Olympics Games in Los Angeles

N.Y. passes the first mandatory seat belt law in U.S.

With his win at the Firecracker 200 at Daytona, Richard Petty became the first NASCAR driver to win 200 races

Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager completed the first nonstop, unrefueled flight around the world in Voyager

The Indianapolis 500 is broadcasted live in its entirety on network television for the first time

Space Shuttle Challenger explodes on take-off launch, killing 6 astronauts and teacher Christa McAuliffe

Ronald Reagan submits nation’s first trillion dollar budget

Compact disc video introduced

Van Gogh’s painting, Irises, sells for $53.9 million at a Sotheby auction

200th birthday of U.S. Constitution celebrated

NASA reports that destruction of some forests is cause of greenhouse effect

Pete Rose is banned from baseball for life for gambling

For winning the Indy 500, Emerson Fittipaldi became the first driver to receive over $1 million for a single race

1980

america is the great melting pot.

~Israel Zanquill

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A new Jeep Cherokee cost about $17,971.00

Clean Air Act cuts by half the level of emissions permitted by the year 2000

Iraq leader Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait; 500,000 U.S. troops deployed to Persian Gulf

The U.S. and its allies defeated Iraq in Persian Gulf War

Thurgood Marshall becomes the first black man to sit on U.S. Supreme Court

Because of financial difficulties, Pan American World Airlines (Pan-Am) stops flying after 73 years

Patty Wagstaff becomes the first woman to win the U.S. National Aerobatic Championship.  She wins two more

Following Typhoon Iniki, which devastated Kauai, USAF crews airlifted 6,888 tons of supplies to Hawaii

Dr. Sheila E. Widnall became the first woman Secretary of the Air Force and the first to head a US Military Dept.

North American Free Trade Agreement is passed

A bomb exploded in a parking garage beneath the World Trade Center

Janet Reno became first female US Attorney General

The “Great Flood of 1993” inundated at least 15 mile acres in 9 Midwestern states

The Brady Bill becomes a major gun-control measure

Air Force Space Command declared the GPS Global Positioning System satellite constellation fully operational

Air Combat Command activates the first unit of unmanned aerial vehicles for combat-support roles

A predawn earthquake in the Los Angeles area

Federal 55-mph speed limit was repealed

Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz definitively observe the first extrasolar planet around a main sequence star

The Museum of Modern Art in New York places an early Jaguar E-Type roadster on permanent display

India, hosts the Miss World pageant, but local outrage forces the swimsuit competition to be held in the Seychelles

A merger between the aerospace giants Boeing and McDonnell Douglas is agreed and will be known as Boeing

Congress approved the line item veto bill

Shannon Lucid completes a record space voyage of 188 days

Madeleine Albright becomes the first female US Secretary of State

Bobbi McCaughey delivered first set of live septuplets

Establishing a new Land Speed Record, British RAF fighter pilot, Andy Green, was the first to break 700 mph

John H. Glenn, Jr., returned to space at 76 years of age.  He was the oldest person ever to journey to space

A new Subaru Outback cost about $22,788

President Clinton budget surplus of $70 billion for fiscal year

A computer virus called “Melissa” swept across the Internet.  USAF systems with the ACC program escaped damage

China launched, monitored, controlled, and landed Shenzhou—its first unmanned spaceship

1990

give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore.  send these, the homeless tempest-tost to me,

i lift my lamp beside the golden door!

~Emma Lazarus

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